What are Research Summaries

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Journal-Based Research Summaries

What are Journal-Based Research Summaries (RS)?

InformeDesign’s Research Summaries (RSs) are transformed from articles in refereed journals that address issues related to design and the built environment. They provide a brief overview of the author(s)’s main findings and transform them into evidence-based design criteria. A full citation for the original literature is included in every RS so it can be easily accessed. Academicians and researchers typically consider refereed journal literature to be the most robust form of evidence.

RS Segments: RSs are broken down into eight parts, all of which are derived from the original literature:

Introduction includes a short title of the RS created by InformeDesign staff, the title of the original article, the author(s) of the original article, and the year of publication.

Design Issue introduces the topic being discussed and outlines the main reasons for conducting the research.

Design Criteria (DC) are evidence-based design implications transformed from the study’s findings. There are two distinct types of DC that are identified by InformeDesign; some RSs contain both types, some only one type or the other. The first type of DC, Author Identified is directly identified by the author from within the study’s findings. The second type of DC, InformeDesign Identified, are criteria transformed from the findings by InformeDesign. Typically this information is referred to in the study, but the author does not turn the findings into DC. However, note that InformeDesign does not go beyond the specific findings of the author.

Key Concepts give background that defines the central ideas/topics of the literature. This is the information designers need to gauge the study’s importance and to help designers have a meaningful conversation with clients or end-users. Additionally students or researchers use this information to determine what other evidence is required for their work.

Research Method includes information about the subjects of the study, the data collection procedure used, and the analysis method(s) s. It informs designers about the type of research and/or educates those new to research about the methods employed.

Limitations present information about the design of the study, the sample size or selection, and/or the type of analysis conducted that has been identified by the author(s) as limitations of the work. Often, understanding the limitations can help qualify the rigor of the study or challenges encountered by the researcher(s).

Commentary presents the limitations of the study not identified by the author, but noticed by InformeDesign (e.g., a very small sample size, lack of analysis). This section also discusses additional information and graphics included in the original literature (e.g., review of literature, tables, graphs) and future areas of research that were recommended.

Adapted From includes the full citation that can be used to access the original literature online or at a local or university library.

And, within each RS terms that are technical in nature or pertain to research methods are typically hyperlinked to InformeDesign’s Glossary of Terms. One click and a brief definition is provided so you can continue reading the RS. Click here to see the Glossary of Terms in its entirety.

Please note that as of July 2016, InformeDesign will be focusing on providing a new format, EBD-Minute that will provide the essence of transformed research findings as evidence-based design criteria in a shorter format. These have been created to response to feedback from visitors to our site.